I got this originally from an article from Appleseed Permaculture on 8 forms of capital from April 2011. I have added energy as the overarching type of capital as it is the basis for all the complexity and beauty we experience daily in our lives. To give you but one example: the economy is alive.
As noted in the original article, different types of capital can be exchanged with each other. For example: I can teach gardening (intellectual + experiential) at a workshop (social) in exchange for food (energy + living), lodging (material) and a bit of money (financial). I meet new people (social). My students and I form a community (cultural) where we can help each other (social) become better people (spiritual).
|living||carbon, nitrogen, water||soil, living organisms, land, ecosystem services|
|material||materials, 'natural' resources||tools, building, infrastructure|
|financial||money||financial instruments and securities|
|intellectual||ideas, knowledge||words, images, 'intellectual property'|
|experiential||action||embodied experience, wisdom|
|spiritual||prayer, intention; faith, karma||spiritual attainment|
|cultural||song, story, ritual||community|